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Tephrosia purpurea

From The Plant Encyclopedia

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var. purpurea

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Tephrosia purpurea

Category
Kingdom Plantae
Division
Class
Order Fabales
Family Fabaceae
Genus Tephrosia
Varieties in this species
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About

Tephrosia purpurea is a species of flowering plant in the pea family, Fabaceae, that has a pantropical distribution. It is a common wasteland weed. In many parts it is under cultivation as green manure crop. It is found throughout India and Sri Lanka[1] in poor soils.

Common Names :

English: Fish Poison, Wild Indigo

Hawaiian: Auhuhu, Ahuhu, Auhola, Hola

Hindi Name: Sarphonk, Sharpunkha

Rajasthani:Masa

Uses

Used as a fish poison; the leaves and seeds contain tephrosin, which paralyzes fish. Larger doses are lethal to fish, but mammals and amphibians are unaffected. It is also used traditionally as folk medicine. According to Ayurveda, the plant is anthelmintic, alexiteric, alterative, and antipyretic; it is used in the treatment of leprosy, ulcers, asthma, and tumors, as well as diseases of the liver, spleen, heart, and blood. A decoction of the roots is given in dyspepsia, diarrhea, rheumatism, asthma and urinary disorders. The root powder is salutary for brushing the teeth, where it is said to quickly relieve dental pains and stop bleeding.

References