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- Cultivation: Low-Maintenance
- Light: Sun
- Soil: Mid-Fertility
- pH: 7
- Moisture: Medium
- Form: Tree
- Fruit/Seed: Large
- Uses: Edible
Syzygium samarangense (syn. Eugenia javanica) is a plant species in the Myrtaceae, native to Philippines, India, Indonesia, Malaysia and Samoa, and widely cultivated in the tropics. English common names include wax apple, love apple, java apple, Royal Apple, bellfruit, Jamaican Apple, water apple, mountain apple, cloud apple, wax jambu, rose apple, and bell fruit.
Cultivation and usesSyzygium samarangense is a tropical tree growing to 12 m tall, with evergreen leaves 10–25 cm long and 5–10 cm broad. The flowers are white, 2.5 cm diameter, with four petals and numerous stamens. The fruit is a bell-shaped edible berry, with colors ranging from white, pale green, green, red, purple, crimson, to deep purple or even black, 4–6 cm long in wild plants. The flowers and resulting fruit are not limited to the axils of the leaves and can appear on nearly any point on the surface of the trunk and branches. When mature, the tree is considered a heavy bearer and can yield a crop of up to 700 fruits.
A number of Cultivars with larger fruit have been selected. In general, the paler or darker the color is, the sweeter it is. In South East Asia, the black ones are nicknamed "Black Pearl" or "Black Diamond," while the very pale greenish white ones are called "Pearl." They are among the highest priced ones in fruit markets.
The fruit is often served uncut but with the core removed, in order to preserve the unique bell shape presentation.
In Indian ocean island cuisine, the fruit is frequently used in salads, as well in with light sauteed dishes.
Local names for this fruit include chomphu (in Thai), Mận (in Vietname), otaheti apple (in Jamaica), jambu air ("water guava" in Indonesian and Malay) makopa, tambis (Philippines), chambekka in Malayalam, jamrul (in Bengali), jumbu (in Sri Lanka), and jumburoalhu (in Maldives). It is called the nonu vao in Samoan. In Papua New Guinea it is called the laulau.
In Taiwan and China, they are known as lianwu ().
It is known as jamalac in French, and zamalac in the French-based Creole languages of Mauritius, Réunion, Seychelles and other Indian ocean islands. On Curaçao, Netherlands Antilles, the fruit is called kashu Sürnam in Papiamentu, which means ‘cashew from Surinam’, while in Surinam the fruit is called curaçaose appel (‘apple from Curaçao’ in Dutch). In Guyana it is called cashew, and in the Dominican Republic a small sub-species of the wax apple is known as cajuilito, (small cashew). In Cuba and Puerto Rico it is known as pumarosa, and in other parts of the Caribbean it is known as corazón.
- Whistler, W. Arthur (1978). "Vegetation of the Montane Region of Savai'i, Western Samoa". Pacific Science (The University Press of Hawai'i) 32 (1): 90. http://scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu/bitstream/10125/1423/1/v32n1-79-94.pdf. Retrieved 10 July 2010.
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