Salvia palaestina

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Salvia palaestina

Category Perennial, Groundcover, Vegetable
Kingdom Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Angiospermae
Order Lamiales
Family Lamiaceae
Genus Salvia
Varieties in this species
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Aden Earth Zone

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Cultivation

Characteristics

About

Salvia palaestina is a herbaceous perennial native to a wide area including what was historically known as Palestine, (which now includes Israel, Syria, and the West Bank) and is also native to Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Iran, the Sinai peninsula and northeastern Egypt.<ref>Boulos, Loutfy (2002). Flora of Egypt: Verbenaceae-Compositae. Al Hadara Pub. http://books.google.com/books?id=TnUoAQAAIAAJ&q=%22Salvia+palaestina%22+palestine&dq=%22Salvia+palaestina%22+palestine&hl=en&ei=gY9RTMDnCIuesQOto_Vp&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8&ved=0CEMQ6AEwBw. Retrieved 07-29-2010. </ref><ref name="Clebsch">Clebsch, Betsy; Carol D. Barner (2003). The New Book of Salvias. Timber Press. p. 220. ISBN 9780881925609. http://books.google.com/books?id=NM0iwB8GrQYC&pg=PA220. </ref> It was named and described by George Bentham in 1835, with the specific epithet (palaestina) referring to its geographical distribution "in Palæstinæ montibus inter Gaza et Jerusalem", or the mountains between Gaza and Jerusalem.<ref>"Salvia Palaestina". The International Plant Names Index. International Plant Names Index. http://www.ipni.org:80/ipni/idPlantNameSearch.do;jsessionid=D993E262E87EA62674084E8DE2A81D87?id=456871-1. Retrieved 1 August 2010. </ref><ref>Bentham, George (1832-1836). Labiatarum Genera et Species: or, a description of the genera and species of plants of the order labiatae. Piccadilly: James Ridgway & Sons. p. 561. http://books.google.com/books?id=Ai8-AAAAcAAJ&pg=PA561. Retrieved 08-01-2010. </ref>

S. palaestina grows in a wide variety of habitats, between elevation. It was introduced into horticulture in the 1990s.<ref name="Clebsch" /> The plant grows tall, with an upright habit and many square stems growing from basal roots. The mid-green rugose leaves vary in shape and size, with light hairs on both sides, and glands that release a scent when rubbed or crushed. The inflorescences grow candelabra-like at the top of the stems, with 4-6 flowers per whorl. The flowers are straight and tubular, ranging in color from white to pale lilac.<ref name="Clebsch"/>

Notes

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