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Hypoestes

From The Plant Encyclopedia

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Polka Dot Plants (Hypoestes phyllostachya

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Hypoestes

Category
Kingdom Plantae
Division
Class
Order Lamiales
Family Acanthaceae
Species in this genus
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About

Hypoestes is a flowering plant genus with many dozens of species. They are widely distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical lands around the Indian Ocean, and some adjacent regions.

It belongs to the subfamily Acanthoideae of the acanthus family Acanthaceae. Therein, it is classified in the subtribe Justiciinae of tribe Ruellieae, making it a relative of such American genera as the mosaic plants (Fittonia), water-willows (Justicia) and wrightworts (Carlowrightia).

Many of these herbaceous to small shrubby plants of the undergrowth have boldly patterned leaves, typically featuring red colors. Some are grown as ornamental plants or pot plants. Most well-known among these are H. phyllostachya of Madagascar and its cultivars, commonly called Polka Dot Plant.

Species

Flowering stalks of Hypoestes aristata


References