From The Plant Encyclopedia
Giant Puffball Mushroom
|Calvatia gigantea - Giant Puffball Mushroom, sliced in a kitchen|
|Varieties in this species|
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6 - 11
- Cultivation: Naturalizing
- Light: Shade
- Soil: Mid-Fertility
- pH: 1, 4
- Moisture: Medium
- Uses: Edible, Medicinal
Calvatia gigantea, commonly known as the Giant puffball, is a Puffball Mushroom commonly found in meadows, fields, and deciduous forests worldwide usually in late summer and autumn. It is common throughout Europe and North America.
Most giant puffballs grow to be in diameter, although occasionally some can reach diameters up to and weights of . The inside of the mature Giant puffballs is greenish brown, whereas the interior of immature puffballs is white. The large white mushrooms are edible when young. To distinguish giant puffballs from other species, they must be cut open; edible puffballs will have a solid white interior. Some similar mushrooms have the white interior (or yellowish) but also have the silhouette of a cap-type mushroom on the interior when cut open. These are young cap-type mushrooms and may be poisonous.
The fruiting body of a puffball mushroom will develop within the period of a few weeks and soon begin to decompose and rot, at which point it is dangerous to eat. Unlike most mushrooms, all the Spores of the giant puffball are created inside the fruiting body; large specimens can easily contain several trillion spores. Spores are yellowish, smooth, and in size. The dry spores can be used as a coagulant to help stop bleeding.
The classification of this species has been revised in recent years, as the formerly recognized class Gasteromycetes, which included all puffballs, has been found to be Polyphyletic. Some authors place the giant puffball and other members of genus Calvatia in order Agaricales. Also, the species has in the past been placed in two other genera, Lycoperdon and Langermannia. Recently, some members of the genus Calvatia have been re-located into the genus Handkea.
All members of the true puffball family are considered edible when immature, but can cause digestive upset if the spores have matured. Immature gilled species still contained within their universal veil can be look alikes for puffballs.
The meat of giant puffballs tastes very similar to Tofu or melted cheese when cooked. To prepare, remove any brown portions and tough skin, which sometimes peels off easily. Do not soak in anything. Puffballs may be sauteed, broiled, or breaded and fried; they do not dehydrate well, but may be cooked and then frozen.
Puffball Mushrooms On Sale.jpg
Puffball mushrooms on sale at a market in England. (Note the slices are uniform and white all the way through.)
A giant puffball gone to spore.